CED regions in Canada

Below are the regions in Canada that have declared a Climate Emergency, in chronological order. Click the “more” links to see details of the motions they passed.

August 2018 onwards, towns and cities in Quebec, Canada

An English translation of the declaration text adopted by the numerous towns and cities in Quebec (combined population of over 6 million) since August 2018 is at https://www.groupmobilisation.com/the-dce-english.
more about the Quebec campaign...


See info on the background and genesis of the campaign in Quebec here.

See their 9-point action plan here (in French).

16 January 2019, Vancouver City Council, British Columbia, Canada, population 631,490

Vancouver City Council unanimously passed the motion from Councillor Christine Boyle. See the media release.
more...


See the full text of the motion.
Excerpt:

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED
A. THAT Council recognize the breakdown of the stable climate and sea level under
which human civilization developed constitutes an emergency for the
City of Vancouver;
FURTHER THAT Council direct staff to report back within 90 days on
opportunities to:
i. increase ambition and/or accelerate timelines for existing actions under
the Renewable City Action Plan and Climate
Adaptation Strategy;
ii. add new actions to help the City achieve its targets;
iii. add new actions that would help reduce GHG emissions beyond the
scope of the City’s current climate targets; and
iv. Incorporate
into the City’s climate targets and actions the need to achieve
net zero carbon emissions before 2050 and net negative carbon emissions in the second half of the century.
B. THAT Council direct staff to establish a remaining carbon budget for corporate
and community emissions commensurate with limiting warming to 1.5ºC and
report annually on the expenditure of the City of Vancouver’s remaining carbon
budget.
C. THAT Council direct staff to establish a “Climate and Equity” working group to
provide guidance and support for the City’s efforts to transition off of fossil fuels
in ways the priorities those most vulnerable to climate impacts and most in need
of support in transitioning to renewable energy.

29 January 2019, Halifax Regional Council, Nova Scotia, Canada, population 403,130

In this case the motion is not quite as clear as others, but it is being reported that Halifax has joined other local councils in declaring a Climate Emergency. The motion is here.

4 February 2019, City of Richmond Council, British Columbia, Canada, population 198,310

The General Purposes Committee (which includes the Mayor and all Councillors) declared a Climate Emergency and referred specific actions to staff for a response within 6 weeks. Full minutes are here.
more...


The two parts of the resolution that passed were:

That the City of Richmond declare a climate emergency as climate change is a serious and urgent threat.

and

That the following be referred to staff:

As staff review our commitment to the Blue Dot initiative, that, a report be prepared within six months with respect to our municipal climate action plan so that it will be updated with strategies and actions with respect to the climate emergency as outlined by the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in their October 2018 report. Richmond City Council will take leadership as our municipality faces immediate threats from sea level rise and coastal weather extremes. Food insecurity, low elevation geography, proximity to earthquake faults, and reliance on energy demanding pump-stations, are a few notable vulnerabilities. It is time to go beyond acknowledgement.

Direction to staff will include:

(1) accelerated emissions targets to shorten our timeline of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

(2) recommendations to achieve a whole city that is net zero carbon emissions, net zero waste, food self-sufficient and a rapid transition to an energy self-sufficient future.

(3) collaboration with the cities of Vancouver, Halifax, London, and Los Angeles, who have recently passed similar declarations of climate emergency.

12 February 2019, Mahone Bay Town Council, Nova Scotia, Canada, population 1,036

Second town in Nova Scotia to pass a motion declaring a Climate Emergency.
more...


The text of the motion is here.
Excerpt from preamable:

WHEREASwe -along with all residents of Planet Earth -are faced with a climate emergency, as recently recognized by the City of Halifax;

The resolutions:

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED
THAT Council direct staff to prepare a report to be presented to Council on or before April 9th, 2019, outlining:
▪Steps the Town of Mahone Bay could undertake in order to commit to further reduce or eliminate the Town’s corporate carbon footprint as per the urgency expressed in the IPCC Report; and,
▪Steps the Town of Mahone Bay could undertake in order to commit to further reduce or eliminate the community’s carbon footprint; and,
▪Related budgetary implications

13 February 2019, Capital Regional District (CRD), British Columbia, Canada, population 413,000

The CRD board heard from numerous citizens in the public gallery and voted unanimously in favour of the Climate Emergency Declaration. The district will ask local governments in the region to also declare climate emergencies and work towards carbon neutrality in the next 11 years.
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Excerpt:

1. That the Capital Regional District Board declare a Climate Emergency;
2. That the CRD take a leadership role to work towards achieving carbon neutrality in the region by 2030;
3. That the Board Chair write to all local governments in the region requesting that they also declare climate emergencies and commit to working towards climate neutrality by 2030;
4. ….

Full minutes are here.

19 February 2019, City of Edmundston, New Brunswick, Canada, population 16,580

The first council in New Brunswick to declare a Climate Emergency. Edmundston has signed the same French-language declaration as towns and cities in Quebec. See the English translation of that declaration here.

21 February 2019, Powell River Council, British Columbia, Canada, population 13,157

4th city in British Columbia to declare a Climate Emergency. They debated at length whether the motion should say ‘climate state of emergency’ or ‘climate emergency’, and the latter won.
more...


Motions are here.

Motion 1: That Council join other Cities across Canada in declaring a Climate State of Emergency.
Motion 2: Request staff to prepare a report with recommendations returning to Council within 90 days including but not limited to:
– Outlining the greatest threats to the City of Powell River (both corporate and community) with respect to climate change impacts regarding estimated sea level rise, wildfire threats, increased flooding events, potential contamination of the water shed, and other immediate perceived threats;
– Begin discussions between the 3 governments (City, tla’amin & qathet RD) for establishing an advisory committee for disaster & emergency response planning with the Regional Manager of Emergency Services taking the lead;
– Establish a “Climate Action Plan 2020 and Beyond” for a carbon neutral City of Powell River;
– Begin tracking the financial implications of climate change impacts not only in the City’s Asset Management Plans but in all City departments.
– Become carbon neutral in the City’s corporate operations from 2019 and beyond.

5 March 2019, Kingston City Council, Ontario, Canada, population 161,175

City council unanimously voted to declare a climate emergency.
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Full agenda is here.
The motion:

Moved by Councillor Kiley
Seconded by Councillor Neill
– Whereas climate change is currently contributing to billions of dollars in property and infrastructure damage worldwide, stressing local and international economies;
– Whereas climate change is currently jeopardizing the health and survival of many species and other natural environments worldwide, stressing local and international ecosystems;
– Whereas climate change is currently harming human populations through rising sea levels and other extraordinary phenomena like intense wildfires worldwide, stressing local and international communities;
– Whereas recent international research has indicated a need for massive reduction in carbon emissions in the next 11 years to avoid further and devastating economic, ecological, and societal loss;
– Whereas an emergency can be defined as “an often dangerous situation requiring immediate action”;
Therefore be it resolved, that the City of Kingston, officially declare a climate emergency for the purposes of naming, framing, and deepening our commitment to protecting our economy, our ecosystems, and our community from climate change.

11 March 2019, New Westminster Council, British Columbia, Canada, population: 70,996

Unanimously declared a Climate Emergency.
more...


Full minutes of the meeting are here.
Excerpt:

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT
Council recognize that climate change constitutes an emergency for the City of New Westminster; and
THAT Council direct staff to report back on how the following action items can be implemented:
1.Update existing City plans with new targets as per the IPCC report;
2.Increase ambition and/or accelerate timelines for existing actions under the Environmental Strategy and Action Plan and the Community Energy and Emissions Plan;
3.Consider new actions to help the City achieve its targets;
4.Consider new actions that would help reduce GHG emissions beyond the scope of the City’s current climate targets;
5.Track and report on community emissions;
6.Engage the community in discussion on how to drastically reduce GHG emissions with particular focus on those most vulnerable to climate impacts and most in need of support in transitioning to renewable energy;
7.More broadly communicate with the community about City emissions and targets;
8.Implement a carbon budget; and,
THAT Council direct staff to include climate action for consideration within the City’s strategic plan that is currently being developed.
CARRIED.All members of Council present voted in favour of the motion.

12 March 2019, Islands Trust Council, British Columbia, Canada, population: 26,000

Declared a Climate Change Emergency and resolved to intensify climate action.
more...


Meeting minutes are here.

Declare a Climate Emergency and Intensify Islands Trust Climate Action
That the Islands Trust Council:
1.Declare a Climate Change Emergency in the Islands Trust Area.
2.Add climate change mitigation, resilience, and adaptation policies to the Islands Trust Policy Statement amendment project.
3.Direct the Trust Council Chair to write to the Chairs of Regional Districts in the Islands Trust Area asserting Trust Council’s full support for declarations of a Climate Emergency;
4.Direct the Trust Council Chair to write to the Provincial Minister of the Environment, asserting the Islands Trust Council’s support to help the Province close the 25% emissions gap in the CleanBC Plan, and calling on the Province to provide the powers and resources to local governments;
5.Direct the Trust Council Chair to write to the Federal Minister of the Environment, asserting the Islands Trust Council’s support to help Canada meet its Nationally Determined Contribution target made in the Paris Agreement and call on the federal government toprovide the powers and resources to local governments.
6.Direct staff to report back to the June 2019 Trust Council meeting on measures and land-use planning actions that the Islands Trust can take to advance progress toward Local Trust Committee climate reduction targets and achieve further reductions in carbon from Trust operations.
7.Direct staff to include a central focus on equitable climate change mitigation, adaptation, and resilience into strategic planning to provide guidance and support for the Trust Area’s efforts to transition away from fossil fuels in ways that prioritize those most vulnerable to climate impacts and most in need of support in transitioning to renewable energy.
8.Trust Council directs staff to work with First Nations and First Nations government agencies to seek support for the climate change emergency and to engage to coordinate climate action strategies with First Nations within the Islands Trust Area.

18 March 2019, Moncton City Council, New Brunswick, Canada, population 71,890

Unanimously passed a motion by Councillor Boudreau to declare a Climate Emergency.
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The full resolution is Item 12.1 here.
Excerpt:

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED
That Moncton City Council declare a Climate Emergency.
That Council recognize the breakdown of the stable climate and sea and river levels under which human civilization developed constitutes an emergency for the City of Moncton.
THAT Council direct staff to report back by May 1, 2020 on opportunities to:
i.Increase ambition and/or accelerate timelines for existing actions under the City’s Climate Adaptation Strategy;
ii.Add new actions that would help the City achieve its targets;
iii.incorporate into the City’s climate targets and actions the need to achieve net zero carbon emissions before 2050 and net negative carbon emissions in the second half of the century; and
That Council call upon our Federal and Provincial governments to support the City of Moncton in its efforts to deal with the said Climate Emergency, and to do what is necessary and required now to create a safe and liveable future for our generation and those that may come in the future.

27 March 2019, Hamilton City Council, Ontario, Canada, population 536,915

Unanimously declared a Climate Emergency and set a carbon neutral target date of 2050.
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Full agenda item is here.
Excerpt:

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED:
(a)That the City of Hamilton declare a climate emergency that threatens our city, region, province, nation, civilization, humanity and the natural world;
(b)That a multi-departmental Corporate Climate Change Task Force of City of Hamilton staff be created under the leadership of the City Manager;
(c)That the Corporate Climate Change Task Force be directed to investigate and identify:
i.Additional actions to be taken to incorporate into existing plans and policies toachieve net zero carbon emissions before 2050.
ii.Best processes to centralize reporting on Climate Change for the Corporation of the City of Hamilton;
iii.Gaps in current programs and projects and strategies to address those gaps; and,
iv.The establishment of a critical path and Terms of Reference to initiate an awareness strategy campaign to encompass the history of global warming, climate change and the United Nation’s Declaration on a Climate Emergency, which is to include the impacts of not taking such action, and the investment vs.the expense of taking such action;
(d)That the Corporate Climate Change Task Force report back to the Board of Health within 120 days; and,
(e)That Council supports City of Hamilton staff participation in Bay Area Climate Change Implementation Teams as subject matter experts to accelerate climate action across the Bay Area.

8 April 2019, Sooke District Council, British Columbia, Canada, population 13,001

Unanimously declared a Climate Emergency
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Full text of motion and adopted amendments in Item 8.1 here.
Excerpt:

MOVED by Councillor Tony St-Pierre, seconded by Councillor Jeff Bateman:
THAT Council declare a climate emergency in the District of Sooke.
CARRIED.
2019-157MOVED by Councillor Tony St-Pierre, seconded by Councillor Megan McMath:Amendment to Main Motion 2019-56
THAT Council amend the main motion by insertingthe following, after the word Sooke:
•District of Sooke aspire to be carbon neutral by 2030.
•The climate be a priority to Strategic Planning.
•Reactivate the Climate Change Action Committee.CARRIED UNANIMOUSLY

11 April 2019, Central Kootenay, British Columbia, Canada, population 59,517

The Regional District of Central Kootenay declared a ‘climate action imperative‘ on 11 April 2019.
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Minutes of the meeting are here.
Excerpt:

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED
That the Regional District of Central Kootenay Board recognizes that the world is in a global state of climate crisis. This reality creates an imperative for ALL ORDERS OF GOVERNMENT to undertake “rapid and far reaching” changes to building construction, energy systems, land use and transportation.

23 April 2019, Burlington City Council, Ontario, Canada, population 205,960

Population: 205,960
Unanimously passed a motion — brought forward by Ward 3 Councillor Rory Nisan — to declare a climate emergency.
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Full text of the motion is here.
Excerpt:

Now therefore be it resolved:

That the City of Burlington declare a climate emergency for the purposes of deepening our commitment to protecting our economy, environment and community from climate change; and

That Council and staff immediately increase the priority of the fight against climate change and apply a climate lens to the plans and actions of the City of Burlington including the Council strategic workplan and future budgets; and

That staff are directed to bring a report to the June 3, 2019 Committee of the Whole meeting that outlines actions taken to date and includes a critical path for the development of the first City of Burlington Climate Action Plan that will:

a. address the operations of the corporation of the municipality as well as the functioning of the entire community; and

b. include a plan for a thorough and complete consultation with stakeholders and the community; and

c. increase action and ambition for the City’s climate change-related activities; and

That staff are directed to bring the Burlington Climate Action Plan to Council no later than December 2019 for approval.

23 April 2019, London City Council, Ontario, Canada, population 383,825

Voted 12-3 to pass a Climate Emergency Declaration motion. (Motion text coming soon)

24 April 2019, Ottawa City Council, Ontario, Canada, population 964,743

Passed a Climate Emergency Declaration motion. (Motion text coming soon)

29 April 2019, St Catharines City Council, Ontario, Canada, population 133,113

The declaration calls on the city to take action and protect the community from climate change.
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Agenda item is here.
Excerpt:

WHEREAS an emergency can be defined as “an often dangerous situation requiring immediate action”;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the City of St. Catharines officially declare a climate emergency for the purposes of recognizing the urgent need to take action to mitigate the effects of climate change and to deepen the City’s commitment to protecting its economy, ecosystems, and community from climate change.

29 April 2019, Nanaimo City Council, British Columbia, Canada, population: 90,504

Unanimously declared a Climate Emergency.
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Full agenda (Item 14) is here.
Excerpt:

Therefore be it resolved, that the City of Nanaimo officially declare a climate emergency for the purposes of identifying and deepening our commitment to protecting our economy, our eco systems, and our community from global warming.”

That all funds in the Regional Emissions Reduction Reserve be moved to a new reserve fund for the purpose of supporting projects, plans and initiatives that reduce the City of Nanaimo’s community wide CO2 emissions to between 50% to 58% below 2010 levels by 2030, and between 94% and 107% below 2010 levels by 2050.
That the framework, strategies and actions, and implementation of City of Nanaimo Community Sustainability Action Plan be updated to reflect the target goal, based on the information contained in the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report, of limiting global warming to 1.5ºC.
That correspondence be sent to the Regional District of Nanaimo requesting the addition of 20,000 annual public transit hours to improve public transit service delivery within the City of Nanaimo and develop transit routes that connect our local system with inter-regional connections.
That correspondence be sent to the Honourable George Heyman, provincial Minister of Environment and Climate Change Strategy, requesting that province reinstate the production of the Community Energy and Emissions Inventory Reports or dedicate grant funding to be used for their creation.

6 May 2019, Halton Hills Town Council, Ontario, Canada, population 61,161

Unanimously passed a Climate Emergency Declaration motion.
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Full motion is here.
Excerpt:

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that The Town of Halton Hills declare a Climate Emergency in the knowledge that this is an emergency with no foreseeable conclusion which will require permanent robust changes in how the Corporation conducts its business and a resetting of goals with respect to Engineering, Planning, Building, Recreation, Parks Libraries, Fire and Transportation Services;
AND FURTHER THAT in response to this emergency, the need to reduce overall emissions from the Town of Halton Hills is deemed to be the highest priority and can be addressed through but not limited to the following actions:
1.The Town of Halton Hills sets a goal to be a Net Zero municipality by 2030.
2.The update to the Halton Hills Green Building standards be strengthened,and tools be investigated to incentivize the construction of R-2000 or LEED Platinumstandard or Net Zero buildings.
3.Transition the Town’s fleet to electric vehicles wherever possible and as soon as possible.
etc.